Wang Dongyue’s Weakening Compensation An Asian Approach for Big History


Hirofumi Katayama


In this article, I introduce a theory of Chinese philosopher, 王东岳/ Wang Dongyue, and discuss the implications of it, reflecting on its possibilities for Asian Big History and as an alternative or complementary way of constructing grand theories of Big History. I believe Wang’s theory of weakening-compensation liberates us big-historians from a stereotypical understanding of our field. It enables us to acquire diversified perspectives on Big History and helps us overcome some serious problems that mainstream Big History faces.


Author Biography

Hirofumi Katayama, J.F. Oberlin University

Hirofumi Katayama 片山博文 is professor at J.F. Oberlin University, Tokyo, where he specializes in environmental economics. He organized and teaches one of the first big history courses in Japan <>. In 2019, he and Nobuo Tsujimura organized the first Japanese Big History symposium, Big History and Liberal Arts, hosted by J.F. Oberlin University. Hiro’s goal is to construct a ‘Buddhist Big History,’ which is based on the respect for all life and existence. His publications include Politics of Climate Change over the Arctic: Preliminary Thoughts on the Global Commons (Bunshindo 2014) and Free Market and the Commons: An Introduction to Environmental Finance (Jichosha 2008). His e-mail address is <>.